By Bob Woodward
Twenty-five years in the past, after Richard Nixon resigned the presidency, Gerald Ford promised a go back to normalcy. "My fellow american citizens, our lengthy nationwide nightmare is over," President Ford declared.
however it used to be now not. The Watergate scandal, and the treatments opposed to destiny abuses of energy, might have a permanent influence on presidents and the rustic. In Shadow, Bob Woodward takes us deep into the administrations of Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton to explain how every one chanced on that the presidency used to be eternally altered. With specified emphasis at the human toll, Woodward exhibits the implications of the recent ethics legislation, and the emboldened Congress and media. strong investigations more and more stripped away the privateness and protections as soon as anticipated by means of the nation's leader govt.
utilizing presidential files, diaries, prosecutorial documents and 1000s of interviews with firsthand witnesses, Woodward chronicles how all 5 males failed first to appreciate after which to regulate the inquisitorial atmosphere.
"The temper was once mean," Gerald Ford says. Woodward explains how Ford believed he have been provided a deal to pardon Nixon, then clumsily rejected it and later withheld the entire info from Congress and the general public, leaving lasting suspicions that compromised his years within the White condominium.
Jimmy Carter used Watergate to win an election, after which watched in bewilderment because the ideas of strict responsibility engulfed his funds director, Bert Lance, and challenged his personal credibility. From his public pronouncements to the Iranian hostage difficulty, Carter by no means chanced on the decisive, therapeutic type of management the 1st elected post-Watergate president had promised.
Woodward additionally presents the 1st behind-the-scenes account of ways President Reagan and a unique group of greater than 60 lawyers and archivists beat Iran-contra. They became the Reagan White apartment and usa intelligence firms the wrong way up investigating the president with orders to reveal any incriminating info they discovered. A clean portrait of an engaged Reagan emerges as he realizes his presidency is in danger and makes an attempt to end up his innocence.
In Shadow, a sour and disoriented President Bush sometimes pours out his anger on the everlasting scandal tradition to his own diary as a dozen investigations contact a few of these closest to him. At one element, Bush kilos a plastic mallet on his Oval workplace table due to the carrying on with research of Iran-contra self reliant information Lawrence Walsh. "Take that, Walsh!" he shouts. "I'd wish to eliminate this guy." Woodward additionally finds why Bush shunned telling one of many last secrets and techniques of the Gulf battle.
the second one 1/2 Shadow makes a speciality of President Clinton's scandals. Woodward exhibits how and why self reliant suggestions Kenneth Starr's research turned a nation of everlasting struggle with the Clintons. He finds who Clinton particularly feared within the Paula Jones case, and the behind-the-scenes maneuvering and ruthless, cynical felony techniques to guard the Clintons. Shadow additionally describes how impeachment affected Clinton's battle judgements and scarred his lifestyles, his marriage and his presidency. "How am i able to cross on?" First girl Hillary Clinton requested in 1996, whilst she used to be less than scrutiny by way of Starr and the media, years prior to the Lewinsky scandal broke. "How can I?"
Shadow is an authoritative, unsettling narrative of the fashionable, beleaguered presidency.